Curaçao Travel Guide
Date Visited: March 2015
Curaçao lies just to the north of the coast of Venezuela, east of Aruba and west of Bonaire and is one of the three ‘ABC’ islands (Aruba, Bonaire & Curaçao), which are all former Dutch colonies and are now part of the Dutch Caribbean.
The island was originally inhabited by Arawak Indians until the Spanish arrived in 1499 and enslaved them. The Dutch then took control of the island in 1634.
The Dutch East Indies Company founded the capital, Willemstad. The island had always been ignored because it lacked gold deposits but the natural harbour at Willemstad was ideal for trade.
Commerce, shipping and piracy became the most important activities on the island and the island became a centre of the slave trade in the Carribean. When slavery was abolished, many former slaves remained on the island and today Curaçao is the only one of the ABC islands with a substantial Afro population.
Curaçao is the largest and most populated (150,000) of the ABC islands. Public transport is available but limited. The best way to explore is to hire a car. I spent five days touring the island but you could cover all the sites in 2-3 days at a relaxed pace.
While Aruba attracts mainly American tourists, Curaçao attracts mainly Dutch tourists, who account for 32% of arrivals.
The name “Curaçao” has become associated with a shade of blue, because of the deep-blue version of the liqueur named Curaçao.
Curaçao’s most popular alcoholic beverage was discovered by accident when the Spanish Valencia orange was brought to the island, but unable to flourish in the climate. Instead, a bitter-tasting orange – the Lahara – was spawned.
The genuine Curaçao liqueur is made of the peels of the “Laraha”. It is produced in 5 different colors, the original clear liqueur, the famous Blue, Green, Red and Orange.
The Laraha plantation is on the east side of the island and has just 45 trees. Each tree produces on average 150 to 200 fruits and are harvested twice a year.
Free factory visits are available at Landhuis Chobolobo in Willemstad from Monday to Friday.
Formerly the capital of the Netherlands Antilles (dissolved in 2010), the capital and largest city of Curaçao (population: 125,000), Willemstad is located on a deep natural harbour.
Many Dutch colonists grew affluent from the slave trade, and the city built impressive colonial buildings. Curaçao architecture blends Dutch and Spanish colonial styles. The wide range of historic buildings in and around Willemstad has resulted in the capital being designated as a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
The historic city centre is small and compact and can be explored easily on foot in a day. The downtown area consists of two districts: Otrobanda, the cultural center of the city and Punda, they are separated by the St. Anna bay inlet. Willemstad is build around a natural harbour called the ‘Schottegat’.
The St. Anna bay inlet is bridged by the Queen Emma Pontoon bridge. This floating bridge pivots open to allow small and large (container ships) to pass through into the harbour. This is a great place for photography.
In Punda you will find the colourful Handelskade, Amsterdam Fort, the main shopping area, the old food market (Plaz Bien), the oldest surviving (sand floor) synagogue in the Caribbean and the floating market, where boats come over from Venezuela to sell their produce. It’s all very lively and vibrant and worth the majority of your time in the city.
The highlight of Otrabanda (English: Other side) is the Kurá Hulanda Museum aka “Slave Museum”. The museum chronicles the origin of man, the African slave trade and West African empires. It is situated on the site of a former slave yard and merchant’s home.
Like Aruba, the best swimming beaches are located on the protected leeward side of the island (west coast) rather than the exposed windward side (east coast).
Unlike Aruba, the Curaçao coastline is made up of many protected coves rather than long stretches of white sandy beaches. All of these coves provide excellent snorkeling and diving opportunities.
Shete Boka National Park
Worth a stop on the rugged east coast is this national park. Trails lead from a parking area to natural limestone bridges on the shore, sea-turtle sanctuaries, a big blowhole and isolated little beaches in narrow coves. Boka Tabla, a cave in the cliffs facing the water, is the most popular and closest walk.
The limestone here is razor sharp so good walking shoes are recommended – not your favourite pair of Havaianas.
Like neighbouring Aruba, this tourist haven is loaded with accommodation options catering for all budgets. Unlike Aruba accommodation is scattered around the island rather than concentrated in one beachside location.
High season prices apply from December to April.
Willemstad is far more interesting than Oranjestad so staying in the capital is worth considering.
I stayed in the south of the island near to Jan Thiel beach at Hibiscus Beach House. This is a friendly Dutch-run B&B, which I would recommend.
Best to book ahead using an online agent such as booking.com
There are restaurants catering for all budgets scattered around the island.
One place worth exploring for cafes, bars, restaurants and nightlife is the trendy Willemstad neighbourhood of Pietersmaai
Some nationalities require visas for Curaçao – check your visa requirements prior to arrival.
Flights into Curaçao arrive at Hato International Airport or Curaçao International Airport. There are daily connections to many islands in the Caribbean region, South America, North America and Europe.
The airport serves as the main base for Insel Air, the carrier for the ABC islands. On each flight the airline hands out a raffle ticket to each boarding passenger. During the flight a ticket is drawn and the lucky winner receives 30,000 free miles in the airline loyalty program. This is enough mileage to get you a return ticket anywhere in the Caribbean.
From the airport, taxis are available to any point on the island. There is no public transport from the airport but shuttle services can be booked.
Your best option is to hire a car from the airport as public transport on the island is very limited.
There are no scheduled ferry services connecting Curaçao to any other island. The only way to arrive by sea is by private yacht or cruise ship.
Bus services on the island are provided by Autobus Bedrijf Curaçao. Public transport on Curaçao is very limited. The two major bus stations are at Punda and Otrobanda.
The best option for exploring the island is to hire a car. The island can be covered in a day if you rushed around but at a more leisurely pace would require 2-3 days.